The European Commission reserves extra frequency space for, among other things, internet-of-things and rfid devices. By reserving the 900MHz frequencies for RFID, the EU follows the rest of the world.
The harmonization concerns the 874 to 876MHz and 915 to 921MHz frequency bands for devices with short-range communications. This harmonization should put an end to the increasing fragmentation of the use of those ties by Member States. Member States use different parts for military use and others for railways or other applications, the European Commission reports
With the decision, the European Commission wants to meet the increasing demand for spectrum for future RFID devices. . In Europe, these devices already use the 863-870MHz band. Now that spectrum is released in the 900MHz band, it opens the way to devices that read faster and more accurately, while the step can also lead to smaller tags. The 900MHz series has long been used worldwide for rfid, with which the step in a certain sense is catching up.
For rail communications, the EU now reserves the frequency bands 874.4 to 876MHz and 919.4 to 921MHz for all Member States. , which could lead, among other things, to an EU-wide, interoperable railway system. For military use, member states can choose to maintain the frequencies they use now, if necessary for public safety.